What is Syrian Arabic?
Syrian Arabic is a Language, (mostly regarded as a dialect of Arabic) that is descended from Classical Arabic. It is mainly spoken in Syria and Lebanon, (22 million native speakers in Syria, up to 5 million in Libanon), but what is really good, that it is thanks to Syrian series and Levanine songs, understood by most arabic speakers. Syrian Arabic is an only spoken language, just like any other version, this means, Arabic has two versions of Languages used at the same time, the written language, which is used by books, and high official meetings and talks, and the spoken language, which is the normal and NATIVE language of the population, people speak it, chat and write using it, Series and songs use it.
Anyway most versions of Arabic still borrow official and scientific idioms and terms from the written language, like English and other languages borrow from Latin. Syrian Arabic shares the greatest Vocabulary from Arabic, but still have a lot of loanwords.
Why Syrian Arabic?
The differences between Syrian Arabic and other levantine Arabic version are so slight, that makes it limited to some pronunciations of the vowels, which means actually they represent the same language in basis, but Syrian Arabic takes the pronunciation of Damascus as default version.
- The key point is that Native speakers of Syrian Arabic could reach up to 39,5 Million native Speakers (22.5 in Syria, 4.5 in Lebanon, 6,5 in Jordan, 4,5 in Palestine, 1,5 in Hatay (Turkey)).
- Considered by all Arabs as a nice and sexy dialect.
- A lot of resources, Series, Songs.
- Understood by all Arabs.
- Large number of Syrians around the world mainly in:
4 Millions in Brazil, 2,7 million in Turkey, 0,6 millions in Germany, 0,5 in Argentina.
- Closest Dialect to MSA, the written Version of Arabic.
Dialect or Language?
It is considered by most as a Dialect, but it is actually a Language because despite the great common vocabulary there is a super great difference in Grammar. Arabic is the mother language of Syrian Arabic. Difference are Like Romance Languages (French, Italian, Spanish or Portuguese) from Latin, or Dutch, English, Frisian and swedish from German. you would encounter a lot of similarities but they are different language. hmm this author is a Seperatist… then Why is he seperating Arabic “Dialects” and considering them as seperate languages?
Seperating a dialect and considering as a Language has a lot of Advantages as:
- Having the ability to organise it, and develop it into a written language.
- Giving the Language more flexibility into its best written form.
- allowing more people to learn this specific language rather than mixing up many dialects with the written language
- allowing grammar to be clearer and keep up to date with the living language rather sticking dead in a language of books and never coming up to understanding people (because Arabs never speak MSA to each other, except Maghrebi speakers to others)
Into its best written Form?
Yes, here in my theory, you will be taught to speak Arabic finally without Arabic Alphabet. Wait is not this a bad Idea? No. we learned our mother language with no alphabet at all. Arabic Abjad is actually a nice and decent abjad but for Arabic and not for Syrian Arabic. in Arabic there are templates for all stems, and then you form the consonents and the vowels stay flexibel depending on a form, and that is why an Abjad in Semitic Languages give no importance to writing vowels. the word shape will be completely different in every form of it. In a Dialect however templates are frozen, vowels barely change. BUT after learning a Dialect in a latin Alphabet, you can always still transliterate leaving the vowels behind into Arabic whenever you want. where this step will be really important later in talking to people in chat etc. So this way will be easier for you, and you will never be confused anymore in guessing vowels.
- Related Languages:
As it’s Arabic Varierty, it will take you along with other Arabic Varieties like Egyptian, Gulf, and Iraqi, to a very large extent.
The grammar is so close as well from other Varieties such as Morrocon or Algerian.
And Most related Languages start from Maltese to a great extinct, and hebrew as a cousin language.